Chaldean Towns of Northern Mesopotamia
Bartella is located less than 13 miles east of Mosul. The name Bartella is of Aramaic origin, however, its meaning is not fully agreed on by the historians. While Joseph Ghanima and al-Jawaliqy believe its from "Bart Tilla" meaning "Daughter of Dew", the priest Putros Saba al-Bartilly believes it comes from "Beth Rattly" meaning "House of Weights".
It's believed that the people of Bartilla accepted Christianity before the sixth century, since its name was mentioned by the monk Baretta. As was the case with other Chaldean villages, Bartilla was of the Church of the East faith, however, in 610 AD the people of Bartilla accepted Monophysitism according to Bishop Marotha of Tikrit, who in 639 was ordained Mapheryan of the East. In 1153, Mapheryan Eghnateyos La'azer, Mapheryan of Assur, chose Bartilla as his Seat. Bartilla was also chosen as the Seat for Mapheryan Deonoseos Saleba II in 1223, however, in 1231 this Mapheryan was killed in a battle in the area of Tur Abdeen.
Bartilla gained fame again in 1284 when Mapheryan Gregoris bin al-Ebry built Yohanna bin Najara Monastery. Also, Bartilla was the home for the Mapheryans, Gregarious Barsoma who died in it in 1308, and was buried in Mar Matti Monastery, and Mapheryan Gregarious Matti I who died in 1345, and Mapheryan Gregarious bin Qenaya who was ordained through the support of the Princes of Karamles, Matti and Sultan Shah, also with the support of Mar Denha II, Patriarch of the Church of the East. Unfortunately, Mapheryan Gregarious bin Qenaya was forced to flee Bartilla to Tikrit, and then to Baghdad were he was killed in 1361.
Bartilla was also the home of Mapheryan Ethnaseous Abraham II who died in 1379, and Mapheryan Qorlos Joseph III, known as Ibin Nissan, who stayed only for a short time in Bartilla and left it to Hamas where he died in 1470. He was the last Mapheryan who chose Bartilla as their home.
Churches of Bartilla
2. Mart Shmony Church
3. Mar Gewargis Church
4. Church of the Virgin
5. Ber Nagara Monastery
Home | Chaldean | Church | News |Resources | Library | Info. Center | Tel Keppe | Towns | Monasteries | Photos | Links